Definition of a project management office (PMO)
Quite simply, in a project based organisation, the project management office (PMO) is a department or group that defines and maintains standards around project management for the organisation.
- Set standards for how projects are run and ensure project managers follow them.
- Gathering of project data and production of reports, dashboards and metrics for management review.
- Source of guidance and advice for project managers.
For organisations that have a portfolio management process, the PMO is often involved in recording requests for projects, helping implement scoring and prioritisation models and facilitating the project selection process.
Centralised vs. decentralised PMO
Most organisations organise PMO’s into either centralised or decentralised models. In a centralised PMO the project managers work for the PMO and are drafted in to run projects in business departments. Whereas in a decentralised PMO, the project managers form part of the business department. There are pros and cons of each approach.
Are you in the process of setting up a PMO?
If so download our free white paper creating a project management office (PMO). It explores topics such as why organisations implement a PMO and runs through the services a PMO can provide to the organisation.